Fostering Beginning Braille Literacy Skills in a Supportive School Library Setting!

School Libraries! A placed filled with endless literacy opportunities and reading adventures. Just take one look around your school library and you will find numerous ways to foster reading, writing and literacy skills in the large print and Braille reader. Find countless positive ways to successfully instruct, integrate and model the seemingly endless low vision and Braille educational tools! Foster the use of large print, twin vision (Braille/print) and Braille specialized materials into library lessons along with sighted peers. Your large print and Braille reader will enjoy the real meaning of “Least Restrictive Environment” as well as fostering positive educational interactions with sighted peers. The benefits are great when you share large print and Braille specialized resources in a positive structured or incidental educational setting. Specialized materials and strategies will promote maximum literacy skills for your large print and Braille reader as well as provide a unique opportunity for sharing these materials and techniques with the sighted student.

Promote and cultivate your low vision and blind child’s literary skills and reading success in the school library with meaningful, low vision, large print and Braille specialized accommodations and materials.

1. Introduce your child/student to the librarian and library staff prior to the first day of school.

2. Schedule an Orientation & Mobility lesson with your child’s O & M specialist to explore the school library. This lesson can be coordinated with your Teacher of the Blind to address specialized material needs and low vision/braille labeling.

3. Discuss stocking the library with large print, twin vision (braille/print) and Braille books with consideration of your child’s age/grade and/or reading level. The library should contain a selection of books for the large print and braille reader that corresponds to book titles provided for the sighted student. In addition, include specialized titles demonstrating positive low vision and blind role models fostering a positive self-image. Include high motivational reading materials to address your child’s specific reading interests and hobbies.

4. Identify a specific location in the library for large print and Braille books. Label each section appropriately in large print or Braille so that they are easily accessible by low vision and Braille readers. Continue to integrate and build upon your library with a combination of new large print and Braille books and books already read (and no longer required) from the classroom, Braille lesson and/or home setting.

5. Having a large print and/or Braille book section in your library provides the librarian the opportunity to include these books into small group reading activities. It’s a great opportunity for the librarian to integrate specialized large print and Braille materials for the low vision and blind student along with sighted peers in a naturally occurring educational setting.

6. Make sure that your large print and Braille reader has a laptop copy of the book being read by the librarian/staff. This provides the student with the opportunity to follow along and develop visual and/or tactile tracking while developing literacy skills. It’s about taking advantage of every literacy opportunity in each incidental educational setting.

7. Build your low vision/blind students confidence by having them read a favorite or familiar large print or braille book to a small group of peers or even a younger group of students. Reading to peers is a functional use of low vision and/or Braille materials in a wonderful natural school setting.

8. Incorporate auditory keyboard software on one of the library computers and in the school computer room to develop beginning keyboarding and literacy skills. Keyboarding skills are essential and should include both 6-key and QWERTY instruction. Make sure your child’s technology/keyboarding skills, goals and equipment needs are individually evaluated by your technology specialist. He/she should be familiar with the most updated assessment, software and material tools for the low vision and blind student. Initiate student keyboarding early and practice often while integrating technology skills into the classroom setting. Enlist appropriate staff (teacher, Braille teacher and Occupational Therapist) to develop your child’s finger strength, accuracy and speed of keyboarding. Remember that keyboarding including both 6-key and QWERTY opens up a world of options when making future technology choices. Six-key and QWERTY keyboarding is also an opportunity to reinforce true literacy using both the Literary Braille code and spelling as used by the sighted.

9. Consider having a high contrast computer keyboard for your low vision student. Consult with your Teacher of the Blind and Partially Sighted regarding specific keyboard contrast recommendations.

10. Work with your librarian in developing a large print or Braille library card. This is a functional way to encourage reading and develop the typical responsibilities for “checking out” and “returning” low vision and/or Braille books in a timely manner.

11. A consistent supply and rotation of large print or Braille books provides ongoing accessible lendable literacy resources for your low vision and/or blind student while encouraging reading in the home setting.

12. There are a variety of school magazines available to the low vision and Braille reader. Consider placing large print and Braille magazines in the library as resources for loan. The American Printing House for the Blind is a good start to discover some of these useful material resources.

13. Label book shelves in large print and/or braille as required for your student. Labeling book sections will foster beginning organized tactile scanning skills. Shelves can be organized into grade level, twin vision/braille, subject matter, fiction/non-fiction, biography etc.

14. Helen Keller week is typically celebrated in the school setting. Make the most of this celebration with inclusion of a low vision and Braille “show and tell” of specialized materials presented in the library setting. Include items that Helen Keller would have used during her lifetime in addition to low vision and Braille specialized materials used in today’s educational setting. Showcase Braille books, a Braille Writer, slate & stylus, cane and Braille materials used by your Blind student.

15. Include large print/Braille books of historical figures and famous low vision and blind individuals that made a significant positive contribution or present as great role models. There are a variety of good books available and these should be included in your student’s library selections.

16. Establish a connection with your local library. Identify the process of obtaining appropriate large print and braille books for your child/student from the local library. Discuss appropriate larger print and Braille labels so that your child/student can navigate the appropriate book sections. See if your local library would like donations of your child’s gently used braille books to build their braille book collection. Donations of gently used braille books may be a welcome resource. Consider an orientation and mobility lesson for your child in the local library setting.

Actively seek out your child’s Teacher of the Blind and Partially Sighted, Orientation and Mobility Specialist and technology specialist to address your child’s specific individualized educational library needs.

Even though this is not an inclusive list, it should get you off to a good start in addressing individualized library accommodations for your child.

So, don’t forget to establish a large print and/or Braille lending library to develop your low vision and Braille reader’s literacy skills!


Make it an everyday experience!

Health Literacy: A Strategic Marketing Asset And Corporate Social Responsibility

Health literacy can be defined as people’s competencies to access, understand, appraise and apply information to make health decisions in everyday life. It helps individuals make healthy choices in times where the boundaries between work and life aren’t so clear anymore.

When people fall ill, they seek the best treatments possible. But, how could they know about those treatments if they aren’t provided with easy-to-understand information in the first place? Pharmaceutical firms develop countless drugs and devices to assist people in managing their condition, but only on a few occasions are advertisements presented in a way that educates the patient. By spending more time in ensuring that all their communications are clear to people of any education level, pharmaceutical firms can improve health literacy.

Challenges Faced With Health Literacy

According to the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (Health Communication Activities), over a third of US adults-77 million people-would have difficulty with common health tasks, such as following directions on a prescription drug label or adhering to a childhood immunization schedule using a standard chart.1

A report presented by the Institute of Medicine suggests that 90 million people, nearly half of the adult US population, lacks health literacy skills needed to understand and act on health information and health system demands.2 Healthcare advertising has a long way to go before patients can find it easier to relate and understand the information they’re receiving from these businesses.

The current methods being used to market to people with health conditions is making patient education fall by the wayside. People find actors and models less relatable when compared with real patients. If patients lack the health literacy that is needed to understand the ads, the information provided could mislead them or be misunderstood.

ONLY 12 % of Adults have proficient health literacy

The US Department of Health and Human Services reported that only 12 percent of adults have proficient health literacy.3 Poor patient education could lead to poor management of chronic ailments and even cause setbacks. People may skip their much-required appointments or tests, lack the ability to manage conditions, get hospitalized often and face increased health care costs. If patients aren’t aware of the questions they should ask about their medicines, in essence of how the medicine would act or react, they could experience negative outcomes.

Health Literacy As A Strategic Marketing Asset And Corporate Social Responsibility

Health literacy can cease to be a challenge if both pharmaceutical companies and healthcare providers take measures to educate their patients. The rapid development of different communication channels has made people seem omnipresent. This gives healthcare professional access to a variety of communication channels (social media, blogs, community forums, patient education drives, etc.) to get health information across.

While there are plenty of ways for pharmaceutical businesses to improve marketing through health literacy, the first step would be to begin with writing information that will be easily understood.

“Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.”

- Leonardo da Vinci

Using technical jargons (in this case-industrial medical terminology) can interfere with health literacy because patients can’t make sense of what the words mean. Pharmaceutical companies should stick to the local language and writing style in order to ensure that people know what they’re doing by using a specific medical device or taking a medication.

Even the way information is laid out can improve comprehension. The US Department of Health and Human Services suggest that the text should be in at least 12-point font with little or no formatting, such as script or italics.4 Images and bullet points can be used to space out information and add meaning to your communication. Facts should be presented in short sentences and phrases so that patients do not get overwhelmed when they’re reading a health literature.

Multi-channel marketing has its own set of challenges. Pamphlets and brochures offer small bursts of information at one place. However, when it comes to websites, most people struggle to search for information. If pharmaceutical companies are seeking to expand their web presence and invest in various Web Marketing activities, it will be wise to design sites that are user-friendly. These websites need to have clear categories, keep a simple layout and use a variety of media.

Bearing in mind the explosion of information that is now available to patients, direct-to-consumer advertising is the best bet for pharmaceutical firms. By presenting information in an easy-to-understand manner, pharmaceutical companies can increase patient education with their publication.

What is Dog Backpacking?

Backpacking is one of the most loved activities in the American and European countries. However, when you want to take your dogs along for backpacking trips, there are many tips that should be considered by you. The idea of dogs carrying their backpacks is an excellent idea. It can ensure that these animals can help sharing the load. Various items can be put in such dog backpacking like water, food, playthings and materials for waste management. He can also protect you from strangers during the trip. Dog backpacking has therefore become an essential thing for people who travel abroad on these trips to wilderness sites. Make sure that the backpack purchased for your dog is not loose.

Dogs can serve an important purpose because these canine animals have extreme weight carrying capacities. If the backpack is not of its size, it cannot fit it properly and it will fall off his back. Also, be sensible while loading the items in the dog’s backpack. If it is not loaded as per its size, the dog will feel burdened throughout the trip. This is especially worse when you are taking a small dog on such a large trip.

So, make sure that the load of the backpack is as per the breed of the animal. Humans should also ensure that the dog has a snugly fitting backpack. So take him to the store to buy the right kind of gear for him. Make sure that he also nods his head in approval for the color of the backpack. Not getting the right kind of backpack for your canine companion can cause problems when it runs away with the backpack, which contains so important camping gear. Also, see that it has the capacity to carry any of your extensive gear in the backpack.

Taking a dog on a backpacking trip as it is a great companion. Although you also have to train your dog to get accustomed to the idea of roaming with a backpack on the trip, otherwise it can create problems. It can also bite you. Before the trip, allow the dog to wear the backpack for some minutes every day. Start this exercise with an empty backpack and then as the dog feels comfortable with it, add items so that he becomes completely cozy. Another thing that has to be noted is to ensure that the dog is fit to be taken to a trip. It is necessary because if it is not, then who knows you may wind the trip by boarding the ill dog in a backpack. This is not wanted, so take your dog to a vet before beginning the trip and its preparations.

Also, before deciding the amount of load, make sure that the dog feels pleased with it. Your dog will be your only pal in an environment of wilderness. Do not make it do it necessarily, because taking an unpleased dog on a hiking trip is not a great resolution. You can also use the backpack for taking the dog on neighbourhood walks. The dog will like the idea. He feels proud that he is doing something deserving. Make sure that you dog enjoys carrying such backpacks on the roads of your area. Stuff them with some water and canned items. Make sure that you take care of your dog’s capacities while getting a backpack. A backpack that he just cannot lift will make him know how ignorant you are towards him.

It’s also a great idea to do dog backpacking because it is the way a hyperactive dog can be controlled. They cannot irritate you on trips. While carrying backpacks, dogs also have a lot of fun. A large variety of such dog backpacks is available. Some have Velcro fasteners while the others have nylon straps, which have plastic buckles. Some of the backpacks also have pockets, snaps and zippers. So, make sure that you get the backpack with the right kind of accessories. Also, do not ignore the quality while trying to save costs. It can cause so many problems like bleeding when the backpack falls. You can also be stranded on mountains without supplies when the backpack cannot be taken any further as it has broken down.

Assessments for Improved Results

Improved results just don’t happen.

Everyone looks for improved results. When training, we want to be able to run faster and go longer distances, lift more, throw further, hit the golf ball longer and straighter. Almost every company wants to see improved results in achieving higher sales, lower costs, more income, and better employee retention, for example.

It takes behavior change to bring them about. In order for change to occur, there must be a change in thinking, as our behaviors are a function of our attitudes.

While coaching and leadership development can certainly work without assessment tools, these instruments help us hone in on those attitudes and competencies which require change in order to improve.

Why Use Assessments?

The phrase “assessment tools” in our context refers to the methods of gathering data about leadership or organizational performance and understanding. These may include questionnaires, written tests, interviews, checklists and rating scales for projects or performances. They give us a measure of where we currently are. By measuring that, there is an indication of areas that need development or improvement.

Peter Drucker, the great management theorist, created a simple yet profound organizational assessment process of five questions:

o What is our mission?

o Who is our customer?

o What does the customer value?

o What are our results?

o What is our plan?

Drucker believed that self-assessment leads to action and without it, action didn’t have meaning. While Drucker’s self-assessment is short, the process of arriving at the answers to the five questions is not. It is almost equivalent to doing a strategic plan.

“There is nothing so terrible as activity without insight.” ~ Johann Wolfgang Van Goethe

Yes, but Which Assessment Tools?

Assessment tools range from the very simple to the quite complex. An example of a simple organizational assessment can be found in Fail-Safe Leadership by Linda Martin and David Mutchler (2003). They call it “a quick temperature check.” It asks the question:

“Might the leadership in my company be failing?”

They say the answer might be “yes’ if one or more of the conditions listed is present in the organization:

o Excessive meetings

o Preponderance of consensus driven decision making

o Lack of personal accountability

o Time consuming and/or meaningless performance evaluations

o Communication problems

o Difficulty terminating poor performers

o Misalignment/poorly coordinated efforts

o Personality conflicts and/or power struggles

o Difficulties keeping employees motivated

o Unacceptable results

o Time management problems

o Reactive rather than proactive thinking

o Micro-management

o Can’t do attitudes

o Chronically sagging sales

o Unproductive teams and/or ineffective teamwork

o Duplication of effort

o High staff turnover

o Failure to achieve quality standards

o Fear of making decisions

The above type of assessment is not scientifically reliable. Instead, it offers a very general sense that something within an organization may or may not be wrong.

A slightly more sophisticated organizational assessment tool is D.I.A.L.O.G. (Diagnostic Data Indicating the Alignment of Organizational Goals). This tool answers the question:

“How can we easily measure if the people within our organization are aligned with our strategies?”

D.I.A.L.O.G. provides an organization’s leadership with reasonably hard data as to where there are disconnects between the vision and/or mission, and where management and employees perceive the company to be in a number of key areas.

The most interesting aspect of D.I.A.L.O.G. is that it uses as its foundation the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award criteria. These criteria are well accepted indicators of organizational success. The Baldrige Award was created by federal law in 1987. Information on this Act can be found at

The award promotes excellence in organizational performance, recognizes the quality and performance achievements of U.S. organizations, and publicizes successful performance strategies. The Baldrige Criteria for Performance Excellence are available on the web at

At Management Mpowerment Associates, we offer a full range of organizational assessment tools to assist leaders determine where opportunities for positive change exist. These instruments are the starting point for the change process. The hard work comes afterward, as the organizational stakeholders strive to institute the changes indicated.

How to Find Your Small Business (Or Idea)

If you have been thinking about starting an online business but just have not come up with the business idea that knocks your socks off then it is perhaps time that you consider brainstorming. Brainstorming your small business idea may very well set you on the path to financial freedom.

Webster’s Dictionary defines brainstorming as a problem-solving technique that sparks a spontaneous generation of ideas. Brainstorming works through the power of association by offering ideas around a particular subject or problem.

Brainstorming has these basic components:

A. Generating as many solutions to a problem as possible
B. Listing every idea presented without comment or evaluation
C. Grouping and evaluating ideas to reach consensus
D. Prioritizing ideas.

Brainstorming your small business idea can help you choose a topic, develop an approach to a topic, or deepen your understanding of the topic’s potential. This is why brainstorming can be extremely beneficial.

Brainstorming your small business idea helps you think outside-of-the-box! Remember that the purpose of brainstorming your small business idea is to generate ideas so avoid other idea-squashers. Do not evaluate or pass judgment on the ideas as you think of them.

Brainstorming your small business idea can be an extremely effective way to generate lots of ideas on a specific issue and then determine which idea – or ideas – is the best solution. This can be particularly useful in providing creative solutions to problems that have defied traditional problem-solving methods as well as in such applications as new product development. However, brainstorming your small business idea requires a comfortable, non threatening environment to work effectively.

Brainstorming your small business idea is very well suited to internet marketing because it can be very manageable to serve a niche, something that would have been more difficult prior to the internet revolution which began in the late 1990s. And small business creates 75% of all new jobs and anchors our communities. Small Business’ are the largest employers in America.

When brainstorming your small business idea creativity is enhanced, because individuals are encouraged to bring up all ideas – even those that might appear outrageous. The Site Build-it (SBI) manger brainstorming tool is a very powerful tool for keyword research for your site concept.

Problem solving in small business requires brainstorming of options and alternatives and problems are defined better as questions arise. Thinking challenges in the form of puzzles and other fun activities can get your creative juices flowing before brainstorming. And creativity can be enhanced if individuals are encouraged to bring up all ideas – even those that might appear outrageous.

When brainstorming your small business idea listen to other ideas, and try to piggy back on them to other ideas. List at least 25 practical uses with explanations if necessary. List or describe (in a sentence or two each) at least ten consequences. List the attributes of the problem, object, or situation as you would in a standard attribute analysis. List at least six attributes and at least six alternatives for each. Listing each condition to be met or the part to be covered will assure that none are overlooked. List the concept(s) you chose to use, and describe how you’ll use them.

Asking questions are one of the best tools for unlocking creativity. Questions are the best way to get brainstorming started. Brainstorming is a skill that comes with practice and is not a cult or a ritual so use it to your advantage and begin brainstorming your small business idea.

And keep in mind that brainstorming isn’t coming up with an end finished idea, its about creating the ideas that spark the ideas. Brainstorming is creating a list of whatever comes to mind.

Brainstorming your small business idea is most effective when you come up with many possible solutions to overcome one specific obstacle instead of thinking up many unrelated ideas.

Brainstorming your small business idea is particularly effective when others provide different views, ideas, and solutions around one problem.

News Publisher – Perfect Tool for News Marketing

If you have just established an online business then you strongly need to follow the internet marketing techniques in order to promote your business worldwide. News marketing is an appropriate way for attracting massive traffic to your website from all over the world.

News marketing consists the information regarding your business that what kind of benefits you are intending to provide to your valuable customers. There exist hundreds of news and business directories for the purpose of news marketing, so if you are going to take them one by one then you would have to consume a lot of your time. So to save the overhead and time, developers have invented a masterpiece named “News Publisher.”

This software also works for you while you sleep what you need is just to provide it the news article and it will perform the news marketing just with one click by submitting them to the top 100 news and business websites. This software is ideal for freelancers, entrepreneurs and business professionals as they can make a vivid exposure to their products or services with news marketing. For backlinks, you have to hyperlink the keywords in order to direct the visitors to your website or home page, so this handy news publishing tool automatically selects the keywords and hyperlink them to your business website or information page.

To prevent spam in news and business directories, a security check code is added in directories. If you want release press and you have to enter the captchas one by on then it is for sure that you going to waste a lot of your time. So developers have integrated this software to automatically recognize the captcha codes. Every news and business directories has its own guidelines and with the software you don’t even need to follow those guidelines for marketing and it automatically selects the appropriate category for your news, press release or business information. You have unlimited number of accounts and submission reports that gives you the complete scenario of marketing by news..You can get further information from

Advanced Communication Abilities With Messenger Software

Messenger software is used in a number of settings, including chat rooms to communicate live with others who are connected to the service. It is also commonly found on websites that deal with filtering multiple messages that have been sent to customers on email lists. This is because this installation has advanced technical abilities to create shortcuts in the way one sends and receives their communique from others.

One of the major abilities of Messenger software is in translating pages that are received in foreign languages. Such a program can be able to decode automatically without any manual assistance the meaning of words and the original arrangement of the syn-taxes. Many of these come with the ability of translating more than three tongues in one page. Though many are meant for just converting mere messages into understandable phonetics, others can even explain a whole website like that offering emailing service.

There are also others that make use of multimedia, such as cameras to make pictorial and audio messages. This interactive program can be able to teleconference in real-time and also to allow instantaneous communication with the senders of chat via their cell phones. At other times, this program has also the ability of sending the messages in different visual presentations by capturing slides of them for thumb-print and magnified successive viewing.

Messenger software is almost synonymous with giving prompt alerts with every new message in the inbox. This is because of its advanced technical abilities that can synchronize with multiple programs and browsers. This has made it to be quite reliable by those who are hard pressed to spend most of their time on real-time interactions over the web with their business friends. This is because it is a powerful tool whose easy modifications with other installations always makes it possible for discovering any communique irrespective of its different formatting.

The Impact of Finland’s Healthcare Among Its Citizens

Finland healthcare is considered to be one of the finest in the world, alongside its Nordic neighbors Sweden, Denmark and Norway.

The advanced healthcare system is distributed into three levels managed and funded by the local municipalities.

The primary level consists of district health centers which employ general practitioners and nurses. They provide for the basic medical services such as examinations and screening for infectious diseases, health counseling, dental work, and child and maternal care.

Secondary healthcare is offered by district hospitals. If a health problem couldn’t be properly treated at a local center, patients are sent to district hospitals where services with some degree of specialization are available.

The tertiary level of Finland’s healthcare comprise of university teaching hospitals. These hospitals provide highly specialized care in particular areas like orthopedics, epilepsy, rheumatism, or plastic surgery. Located in the major cities of Finland, these hospitals are the learning ground for the country’s medical practitioners. Aside from possessing the most advanced medical facilities in the nation, Finland healthcare has a centralized data source regarding all patient information which can be accessed by computer.

Alongside this, the private sector, although small, contributes 4% of medical care to hospital patients. The main fields practiced by private hospitals are dentistry, physiology and occupational health services. Speaking of which, employees are given occupational healthcare services by their employers as necessitated by law. Schools are also obliged to provide the same for their students and staff.

Finland healthcare services are available to all, regardless of their income. Because of Primary Health Care Act of 1972, public health services are paid for from tax revenues. Municipal financial resources (plus subsidies from the national government) pay for two-thirds of all medical expenses and the rest is by the national insurance system. This insurance could either be nationally sponsored, funded by a patient’s employer, or by the patient himself.

Another incredible aspect of Finland’s healthcare is Patient’s Injury Law. It protects patients’ rights to compensation when an unanticipated injury happens due to medical treatment. It also protects medical practitioners from legal action thus, also preventing the development of defensive medical practices. The Finnish Law on the Status and Right’s of a Patient is the first such law in Europe that was passed to guarantee a patient’s right to information, informed consent to treatment, access to necessary medical documents, and autonomy. The Patient Injury Law also dictates the time frame a patient be allowed access to important medical care. However, these are just guidelines by medical experts and doctors are free to decide how to treat their patients.

The consequences of the exceptional quality of Finland’s healthcare can be seen through the health of its citizens.

The child mortality rate is one of the lowest in the world. The life expectancy for females is 81 years, and for men 73 years.

Death due to cardiovascular disease has decreased as a result of effective health and nutritional education in recent decades. Smoking and drug abuse have also significantly lessened. Communicable diseases are no longer a problem as immunization programs have reduced the frequency of measles, mumps, and German measles. HIV infections have also been curbed.

Travel, Culinary Schools and French Culture

What You Learn

Before you become a French chef, you need to know the essentials of French cooking. You will learn how to select ingredients, prepare the ingredients, and operate as a line chef as well as how to prepare the foods as a lead chef. You learn how to prepare a menu and how to make a wine list for each prepared food. Travel, culinary and culture is something you can do while attending a French cooking school. Once you have experienced the culture, you will understand the cuisine more. You will learn how toplan a menu that has foods grouped together to complement each other.

Become a French Chef

Even if you are not of French heritage, you can still learn how to be a French chef. You will learn how to make the foods that the French appreciate. You will learn taste, appeal and preparations. If you have a desire to travel, culinary schools are great ways to do both. You can live the French culture while learning to prepare foods that are enjoyed by all. You are taught how to become a great chef that could work as a lead chef in many famous restaurants throughout the world.

Planning a Menu

The travel, culinary school experience is just what you need to learn how others prepare menus. Because you can visit local restaurants and see how they plan their menus, you will have an idea what other chefs do and how they make each food to compliment the other. Culinary travels are just another way to live the culture and learn what food the French enjoy. There are three rules of cooking French cuisine. The menu, ingredients and the preparations are all necessary to know to become a French chef. The menu is the first place to start when planning a French meal.

If you want to become a French chef, you can do all three. You can experience travel, culinary [] school and learn the culture. You will learn what it means to be a French chef and how to plan a menu. You can learn so much about the foods when you experience the culture. You will have a learning experience that many chefs do not have the opportunity to experience. The culinary travel is exciting and rewarding for anyone that wants to become a French chef and work in one of the most prestigious restaurants around the world.